hard work, discipline and frugality are a result of a person’s subscription to the values espoused by the Protestant faith,
a person was elect (predestined) by observing their way of life.
Hard work and frugality were thought to be two important consequences of being one of the elect who will go to heaven.
Wasteful people go to hell.
Idle people go to hell.
Protestants, reconceptualized worldly work as a duty which benefits both the individual and society as a whole.
The Catholic idea of good works was transformed into an obligation to consistently work diligently.
Whereas Catholicism teaches that good works are required of Catholics as a necessary manifestation
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
(German: Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus)
written by Max Weber, a German
a founding text in economic sociology
In the book, Weber wrote that capitalism in Northern Europe evolved when the Protestant (particularly Calvinist) ethic influenced large numbers of people to engage in work in the secular world, developing their own enterprises and engaging in trade and the accumulation of wealth for investment.
the Protestant work ethic was an important force behind the emergence of modern capitalism.
God chose some people for salvation and others for damnation.
lack of self-confidence was evidence of insufficient faith and a sign of damnation.
Worldly success became one measure of that self-confidence.
a “vocation” from God was no longer limited to the clergy, but applied to any occupation or trade.
an individual was religiously compelled to follow a secular vocation (German: Beruf) with as much zeal as possible.
A person living according to this world view was more likely to accumulate money.
forbade wastefully using hard earned money and identified the purchase of luxuries as a sin.
Donations to an individual’s church or congregation were limited due to the rejection by certain Protestant sects of icons.
donation of money to the poor or to charity was generally frowned on as it was seen as furthering beggary.
This social condition was perceived as laziness, burdening their fellow man, and an affront to God;
by not working, one failed to glorify God.
writings of Benjamin Franklin, which emphasized frugality, hard work and thrift,