coffee, tea, vitamin C, Linus Pauling, Viking teeth healthier than USA

I am reducing coffee and tea to 2 cups per day. Too much is too stimulating. Too much Vitamin C is also too stimulating. Linus Pauling was a Vitamin C enthusiast. His institute in Oregon is still doing research on related topics. Vitamin C 400mg seems to be enough for young healthy people. More for the elderly, the sick, and the stressed. I sometimes go up to 1000mg but don’t feel right if I go above that. I am gaining 1 pound per week for the last 14 weeks by weightlifting and eating lots of peanuts. I feel much stronger but am somewhat sore, tired and sleep more. If I move back to UCLA I may try to get a job as a movie star. Too bad I didn’t get that idea when I was a teenager hanging out on Santa Monica beach with Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Interesting article below on the Vikings. They had good teeth due to their their sugar-free and grain-free diet. Many problems can be prevented by traditional diets and lifestyles. Maybe eating orange peelings is better than Vitamin C pills. I put citrus peel into my tea and feel better unless that citrus peel has too much pesticides on it. Pauling was descended from Prussian farmers, who had immigrated to a German settlement in Concordia, Missouri. Pauling’s mother was of English/Scottish descent. Pauling was raised as a member of the Lutheran Church. One of the most influential chemists in history and ranks among the most important scientists of the 20th century. Pauling was included in a list of the 20 greatest scientists of all time by the magazine New Scientist, with Albert Einstein being the only other scientist from the 20th century on the list. Millennium Essay in Nature claimed that Pauling was one of the greatest thinkers and visionaries of the millennium, along with Galileo, Newton, and Einstein. Pauling was one of the founders of the fields of quantum chemistry and molecular biology. Pauling is the only person to be awarded two unshared Nobel Prizes. At Caltech, Pauling struck up a close friendship with theoretical physicist Robert Oppenheimer. The two men planned to mount a joint attack on the nature of the chemical bond. Their relationship soured when Pauling began to suspect that Oppenheimer was becoming too close to his wife. During the beginning of the Manhattan Project, Robert Oppenheimer invited him to be in charge of the Chemistry division of the project, but he declined, not wanting to uproot his family. Pauling’s work on vitamin C in his later years generated much controversy. Pauling took 3 grams of vitamin C every day to prevent colds. In 1996, the Linus Pauling Institute moved to Oregon State University, where it continues to conduct research on micronutrients, phytochemicals (chemicals from plants), and other constituents of the diet in preventing and treating disease. vitamin C levels in plasma and circulating cells become fully saturated at intakes of about 400 mg/day in young, healthy nonsmokers. These observations are consistent with other data that intakes of about 400 mg/day are associated with reduced risk of heart disease. vitamin C requirements are increased in the elderly.

Prehistoric humans didn’t have toothbrushes. They didn’t have floss or toothpaste, and they certainly didn’t have Listerine. Yet somehow, their mouths were a lot healthier than ours are today. “Hunter-gatherers had really good teeth,” says Alan Cooper, director of the Australian Centre for Ancient DNA. “But as soon as you get to farming populations, you see this massive change. Huge amounts of gum disease. And cavities start cropping up.” And thousands of years later, we’re still waging, and often losing, our war against oral disease.

Our changing diets are largely to blame. In a study published in the latest Nature Genetics, Cooper and his research team looked at calcified plaque on ancient teeth from 34 prehistoric human skeletons. What they found was that as our diets changed over time ā€” shifting from meat, vegetables and nuts to carbohydrates and sugar ā€” so too did the composition of bacteria in our mouths. Not all oral bacteria are bad. In fact, many of these microbes help us by protecting against more dangerous pathogens. However, the researchers found that as prehistoric humans transitioned from hunting and gathering to farming, certain types of disease-causing bacteria that were particularly efficient at using carbohydrates started to win out over other types of “friendly” bacteria in human mouths. The addition of processed flour and sugar during the Industrial Revolution only made matters worse. “What you’ve really created is an ecosystem which is very low in diversity and full of opportunistic pathogens that have jumped in to utilize the resources which are now free,” Cooper says. And that’s a problem, because the dominance of harmful bacteria means that our mouths are basically in a constant state of disease. “You’re walking around with a permanent immune response, which is not a good thing,” says Cooper. “It causes problems all over the place.” In addition to oral disease, those problems may include diabetes, obesity and even heart disease. Bacteria make up approximately 90 percent of the cells in our bodies.


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